Changes in the breast are relatively common and frequently detected by self-examination, yearly physical exams or screening mammograms. Fortunately, the majority are benign and easily diagnosed by relatively simple tests. Although more serious, the malignant lesions are frequently diagnosed early and there are several excellent treatment options tailored to the individual patient’s desires and needs.
- Breast Cyst Aspiration: Removal of fluid from dilated benign sacs which commonly develop in the breast and maybe become painful.
- Needle Biopsies: The removal of a small sample of tissue for testing to determine its cause
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures:
- Excisional Breast Biopsy: The surgical removal of an abnormal growth frequently for both testing and as treatment. Since this surgery typically involves removal of the entire lesion it may be done painlessly while asleep (general anesthesia).
- Partial Mastectomy (Lumpectomy): The removal of a tumor and adjacent breast tissue while preserving the form and appearance of the remainder of the breast. This is typically combined with post-operative radiation therapy with excellent results.
- Simple Mastectomy: The removal of the entire breast on the side of the cancer. This is an option to the partial mastectomy which also is excellent treatment and preferred by some women.
- Sentinel Node and Axillary Node Dissections: The removal of glands under the arm (lymph nodes) for further testing and possible treatment.
- Optional immediate or delayed reconstruction: The option of having plastic surgical recreation of the breast contour if so desired at either the time of the initial surgery or as a separate procedure.